Judicial officers are appointed and dismissed by the Minister of Justice. Judicial officers operate on a territorial basis – they carry out their functions only within territories of their jurisdiction, with a total number of 17.

Currently, 118 judicial officers operate in Lithuania. Offices of judicial officers’ (100) and office branches (32) operate in all towns and regional centres.
In economic terms, activities of judicial officers offices are equivalent to the ones of businesses, though, judicial officers’ activities are strictly regulated by Law and supervised by the State.

According to the Republic of Lithuania Law on Judicial Officers, a judicial officer shall be a person authorised by the State and empowered by it to perform the functions of enforcement of enforceable documents, statement of factual circumstances, transfer of documents and any other functions stipulated by law. The judicial officer may provide the services provided for in this Law, unless this interferes with the performance of a judicial officer’s functions.

Unless this interferes with the performance of the judicial officers functions, judicial officers may also provide the following services set forth in the Law on Judicial Officers:
  • to make statements of facts;
  • to serve written proceeding;
  • to keep/administer property during the process of execution;
  • to provide legal assistance;
  • to sell pledged movable property as collateral in auction;
  • to act as an agent in the performance of property obligations;
  • to provide bankruptcy administration services.

After Lithuanian judicial officers began operating as private ventures following the institutional reform, the actual debt recovery rate increased by 3-4 times. Instead of a high-priced and weak former bailiffs’ firms system, which was annually allocated with nearly 10 million Litas from the state budget, now there is operating an independent, result-oriented enforcement system. Private venture judicial officers of Lithuania annually repay 20-33 pct. of claimed debts to creditors.